A Pertinent Issue of Class

Even before its independence in 1965, the tiny island of Singapore faced a slew of challenges and struggles. Foreign press wrote Singapore off while neighboring countries stood ready to express aggression towards a barely minted republic in a post-British era. However, shrewd leadership and an impregnable government transformed Singapore from a fishing village into a modern metropolis. An astute Lee Kuan Yew (2014) proclaimed that Singapore went “from Third World to First World standards in one generation.” Singapore had made dramatic progress against insurmountable odds. But, that progress spawned issues and tackling them requires an understanding and acknowledgment of the visible and ethereal forces acting upon people throughout history.

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